Wednesday, May 4

Things I've Learned from my Photograhy Mentor: Basic Theories and Principles of Photgraphy

I've been taking pictures for quite sometime now and I wanted to get out of taking only "chamba" (lucky) shots. I've been contemplating to whom I'll be taking my basic photography classes. I was choosing between three options until I found "The One" that I need.  

After attending a photo walk last January 8, I went straight to his studio and I was the 5th one to arrive. I got to meet Mr Jo Avila up close and personal as he introduced himself to each and one of us inside his studio. We waited for the others to come in before he started giving out his first lecture for our class.

On our first meeting, he discussed briefly the history of photography and its principles together with how to navigate your camera to maximize its use. One thing I've learned here that gave me a better perspective in photography is about the "Parallax Error". 

Taken from Google

Also known as “Parallax effect” - the viewfinder camera’s main disadvantage, making it almost useless for careful composition of close-up subjects. The scene viewed by the photographer through the camera’s viewing frame is different from the scene the lens will capture because the viewing frame is offset from the lens. We did a test here by using our partner's (classmate) hand and have it extend its thumb and pinkie and set out lens to make sure that both ends touch the edge of the camera's view finder. After a snap, we looked into our respective view finder, we instantly noticed our shots that the fingers did not touch the ends of the picture as we saw it from the viewfinder.

For me that was the biggest thing I've ever learned on my first Basic Photography lesson with Sir Jo.

But I'll be sharing 10 tips he shared to us. I'm sure this would help you get started. ^_^

1. If shooting JPEG, shoot with the least file compression.
2. Use sRGB for web/email/facebook attachment. Use Adobe RGB for pictures to be published.
3. Magic Combination (Shutter Speed + Apperture + ISO Combination) does not exist.
4. An under-exposed shot is noisier than a high-ISO shot.
5. Minimize/Do not shoot straight so that the picture won't look flat especially on a solid/plain background. 
6. The Ideal focal length w/o crop factor for portraits is between 85-105mm.
7. A high-noise picture can be caused by high ISO, longer shutter speed, under-exposed or over-sharpened in Photoshop. 
8. Exposure depends on ISO used and the amount of light.
9. Avoid Phottix/Sunpak filters. 
10 Technical Proficiency in Photography doesn't matter if it doesn't have a story.

Want more? Well better enroll at his class. XD

Second lesson coming soon. XD


  1. wow! that was cool! thanks for sharing this one..

  2. Thanks for sharing techniques of basic photography. I still have a lot of things to learn .

  3. Thanks for sharing the tips. I like taking pics though not as technical yet.

  4. These tips would definitely be helpful. Thanks!

  5. wow thanks for the info! I love photography but hate the technical aspect of it.. hehe. and I believe in #10 Technical Proficiency in Photography doesn't matter if it doesn't have a story. I'd rather not be proficient technically but my photos should always have a story.. ;)

  6. Helpful tips in photography!!! :D

  7. very informative for a person like me starting to be in the photography life! xx

  8. Nice to know..
    I've notice this too, so I always allow room for composition.
    I can't always perfect them, and we don;t really like cropping much from a raw photo.

  9. Oh, something new for my photography skills! Thanks!

    Challenges of Losing Weight

  10. very informative and new to me. nice,

  11. Thanks for the tips. I still have a long way to go :)

    The link to Jo Avila's class is outdated na ata?

  12. Whew, much of it is Greek to me. :p Though I don't plan on going pro, I now think I should take photog lessons, or at least read the manual, hehe. I don't even know how to work my point and shoot. And I make many post-prod mistakes too, like over-sharpening. Thanks for sharing these tips (if only I could understand all the terms)!

  13. Cool! Thanks for sharing these tips! I've never attended a photography class because I believe in self-study. Info like these really help a lot. :) Btw, I'm curious about #9 coz I'm using one of these brands.

  14. i had to laugh at number 9. :))
    are those filters really that bad ?

  15. I thought this one has been corrected already in new versions of cams? We'll have to see it myself too yet thanks for the heads up and didn't know about this one until now.

  16. I love photography. I don't understand what's "noise" in taking picture. Also I don't get what is "photgraphy" in your title. Gets? Hope you edit it. More power in your photo-venture!

  17. I'm a newbie in photography and those are helpful tips, really. Thanks!

  18. The finger not touching the edges on the actual photo is not caused by parallax error if you are using a SLR or DSLR. Parallax is only applicable to rangefinder cameras or similar not to DSLRs. The one you see in the viewfinder is slightly different from the LCD because of the viewfinder coverage specification. Non-pro DSLR has usually less than 100% coverage. When you look through the viewfinder, you see only the ~95% (or less with compacts/bridge cameras) of the actual view (up to the edge of thumb and the pinkie in your example) and don't actually see the extra areas on the sides that complete the 100% of the view that will be recorded by the sensor. That's the reason, viewfinder coverage specification not being 100% and not Parallax error.
    Check this link for reference:


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